Since it was first introduced in 1999, the cash individual savings account (ISA) has become the saver’s account of choice thanks to its long-term tax-free status and its rocketing annual allowances. Up to now, it’s been like the slanket of our finances; safe, warm and comfortable, but not terribly exciting or sexy, right?
Now, it’s more like a moth-eaten, threadbare slanket that gets shoved to the back of the cupboard – a silly waste of time. When you consider rising inflation and basic Isa rates, no wonder young people are trading way more in stocks and shares Isa today than they were this time last year (as I reported this week).
Besides having your (essential) savings safety net, you could make the most of the fact that the ISA allowance has gone up to a whopping £20,000 this tax year and swap your cash ISA for something a bit more…adventurous.
You can use some, or all, your allowance to invest directly in assets like shares and bonds (corporate and government). This is the full Christian Grey, red room of pain option and only for those confident to do extensive research into companies/bonds and manage their investment behaviour in a cool-headed way (not easy when your money is at stake!)
Alternatively, if you don’t want to dive into the deep end, and you’d be well-advised not to, you can use your Isa allowance to buy funds that invest in these assets on your behalf to ensure you’re properly diversified (a bit less 50 shades for the first-time investor).
Some young investors are bypassing the whole Isa process and instead going for equity stakes in the likes of Brewdog and Monzo, or even dipping their toes into venture capital and enterprise investment schemes. While these have their merits (particularly EIS has tax advantages), I would argue that it takes a good deal of homework to understand these companies well enough to have a substantial stake in them, and that they shouldn’t necessarily be solely counted upon as your path to riches, as I explained in my news report this week.
While investing in stocks and shares is a riskier enterprise than sticking with cash, there has never been a better time to take the plunge. The average interest rate on cash ISAs has plummeted in the last decade, from an average of 5.06% to just 0.82% today. Our banks and building societies simply aren’t incentivised to draw in deposits to keep their balance sheets ticking over, as they can dip into the Bank of England’s (BoE) Term Funding Scheme instead.
Inflation is outpacing interest rates
Inflation is running high after the pound sunk post-Brexit, with the consumer price index shooting up to 2.3% in February. The current crop of cash ISAs pay nowhere near this much in interest, making it impossible to maintain, let alone grow, the real value of your money.
What’s more, cash ISAs no longer offer as much of an edge over standard savings products. A decade ago, you could earn almost twice as much in a cash ISA but today, many long-term bonds are offering at least 1.3%, with interest likely to be tax-free since the personal savings allowance was introduced last year. This gives a basic rate taxpayer the chance to earn up to £1,000 on standard savings accounts and current accounts without any tax liabilities (it’s £500 for a 40% taxpayer and nothing for a 45% tax payer).
So why let your precious ISA allowance slowly erode in cash when it could be put to work in the stock market instead? Any returns you earn from equities are free from capital gains tax and all interest from corporate bonds also avoids income tax. What’s more, you can shield your dividends from HM Revenue & Customs under the dividend allowance, which currently stands at £5,000. Considering how much you could potentially make on your investments, the tax benefits of the ISA wrapper are far more impressive on stocks and shares than cash.
According to research firm Moneyfacts, the average stocks and shares ISA fund has grown by 15.8% during the 2016/17 tax year so far — the highest return in seven years. The best performing sector for ISA investors was Japanese Smaller Companies, returning a healthy 40.1%, while the best performing individual fund was JPM Natural Resources, posting a return of 55.5%.
Stocks and shares have historically outperformed cash over longer-term
You can invest as much or as little of your allowance as you like, depending on whether you can afford to lose money in the worst case scenario and what your appetite for risk is. While there are no guarantees that you will make money on stocks and shares, history shows that investing for at least five years usually beats the interest you earn on cash.
The longer you are invested, the riskier you can go, with a greater stake in equities compared with bonds, and the more likely you are to grow your money. This gives you enough time to ride out the natural highs and lows of the market. Again, the good folks at Moneyfacts have found that the average stocks and shares ISA has delivered positive growth in 11 out of 18 tax years since the introduction of ISAs in 1999. This tax year, just 33 out of 979 funds (3%) have lost money.
Remember that the performance of your portfolio will go up and down, and the past is not a completely reliable indication of the future. But as long as you are invested for the long-term, diversify your portfolio and hold your nerve during market wobbles, switching into stocks and shares could be one hell of a canny decision.
What do you think? Tweet me @ionayoungmoney or leave a comment below…